Serving as a platform for communication in Southeast and South Asia, the SATU Presidents’ Forum aims to enhance a better understanding and grasp on higher education in the region by inviting eminent university presidents to engage in academic exchange, to attain multinational and multiregional academic cooperation, and to increase communication frequency in the area while simultaneously working towards area integration of efforts pertaining to academia.
One of the most valuable conclusions reached during the 2008 SATU Presidents’ Forum is that multiple participation from varying fields should be the active and constructive basic for further cooperation. In the near future, SATU International Secretariat will focus on its’ role and functions, with the aim of becoming a distinct and irreplaceable organization within the Asia Pacific region.
During the General Assembly held on Nov. 10th, details pertaining to steering committee elections as well as future development with the joining of India ware further explored. In order to actualize the following Forum Goals, participants were divided into various sessions for in-depth dialogue:
- strengthening academic cooperation within Southeast and South Asia.
- accelerating internationalization through Academic and Cultural networking and cooperation.
- improving on the quality and quantity in education, research and community outreach.
- providing student/faculty/staff exchange programs.
- fostering academia-industry collaboration.
- focusing on economic, social, and environmental sustainable development.
The 2006 Forum concluded that a university’s aim should have teaching, research, and service as the organization’s primary mission; the 2008 forum sessions were planned accordingly based upon the aforementioned conclusions. Increasing students’ professional appeal, industry-academic collaboration, and university autonomy and management, respectively, were the three sessions for the 2008 Forum. During the closing ceremony, “Enhancing University Students and Faculties Exchange and Cooperation Program” was declared, with the effort to increase international exchange and communication.
Among the three topics explored during the 2008 SATU Presidents’ Forum, particular emphases was placed on Industry-Academia Collaboration, with the objective of international cooperation and forging alliances among universities. Moreover, to realize the organization’s mission and goals, member universities were invited to assume larger roles as session panelists by sharing their unique perspectives on the outstanding developments within an international channel. Visits to corporations such as South Taiwan Science Park and Chi Mei Optoelectronics were made to present industry-academic collaboration accomplishments, to gain further information and a better understanding, and to establish a firm foundation for further cooperation.
|Speakers and Special Guests|
|Ovid J.L. Tzeng||Executive Yuan||Minister without Portfolio|
|Michael Devlin||Pharos Capital Group, USA||Co-founder|
|Liu, Ching-Jen||BICER, Ministry of Education||Director General|
|Ou, Shu-Fen||BICER, Ministry of Education||Section Chief|
|Member University Presidents and Representatives|
|Muhammad Anis||Universitas Indonesia||Vice Rector, Academic & Student Affairs|
|Govindan Rangarajan||Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore||Chairman, International Relations|
|Datuk Kamaruzaman Hj. Ampon||Universiti Malaysia Sabah||Vice Chancellor|
|Ann Anton||Universiti Malaysia Sabah||Director, Biotech Research Institute|
|Vincent Pang||Universiti Malaysia Sabah||Director, Centre for Academic Advancement|
|Datuk Nik Mustapha R. Abdullah||Universiti Putra Malaysia||Deputy Vice Chancellor, Research & Innovation|
|Ahmad Shukri bin Mustapa Kamal||Universiti Sains Malaysia||Deputy Vice Chancellor, Academic & International Affairs|
|Norpisah Mat Isa||Universiti Sains Malaysia||Deputy Registrar, Academic & International Affairs|
|Siti Hamisah Binti Tapsir||Universiti Teknologi Malaysia||Deputy Vice Chancellor, Academic & International Affairs|
|Aminah Binti Abu Bakar||Universiti Teknologi Malaysia||Deputy Registrar, Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor|
|Abdul Razak bin Chik||Universiti Utara Malaysia||Deputy Vice Chancellor, Academic & International Affairs|
|Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J.||Ateneo de Manila University||President|
|Rodolfo P. Ang||Ateneo de Manila University||Dean, Schoolof Management|
|Ricardo Fernandez De Leon||Centro EscolarUniversity||Executive Vice President|
|Gerardo de la Cruz Janairo||De La Salle University||Dean, Collegeof Science|
|Lydia B. Echauz||Far Eastern University||President|
|Ester A. Garcia||University of the East||President|
|Emerlinda R. Roman||University of the Philippines||President|
|Pilar I. Romero||University Santo Tomas||Vice Rector, Administration|
|Pan, Tso-Chien||Nanyang Technological University||Dean, Collegeof Engineering|
|Tan, Thiam-Soon||National University of Singapore||Vice Provost|
|Said Irandoust||Asian Institute of Technology||President|
|Pritam K. Shrestha||Asian Institute of Technology||Head of External Relations & Communications|
|Cherdpong Sibunruang||Assumption University||Dean, Schoolof Management|
|Vajara Rujiwetpongstorn||Chiang Mai University||Vice President|
|Kua Wongboonsin||Chulalongkorn University||Vice President|
|Sansanee Chaiyaroj||Mahidol University||Vice President, Research & Academic Affairs|
|Boonsom Siribumrungsukha||Prince of Songkla University||President|
|Nares Pantaratorn||Rangsit University||Vice President, Academic Affairs|
|Hoang Van Chau||Foreign Trade University||President|
|Pham Gia Tri||Foreign Trade University||Director, Center for Language & International Cooperation Development|
|Nguyen Dong Phong||University of Economics, Ho Chi Minh City||Vice Rector|
|Truong Minh Kiet||University of Economics, Ho Chi Minh City|
|Mai Trong Nhuan||Vietnam National University, Hanoi||President|
|Vu Dinh Giap||Vietnam National University, Hanoi||Chief of President's Office|
|Nguyen Thi Anh Thu||Vietnam National University, Hanoi||Executive Vice Director, International Relations|
|Do Thanh Long||Vietnam National University, Hanoi||Secretary to the President|
|Mr. Roberto Houser||Universidad Del Pacifico, Ecuador||National Planning Director|
|Ou, Shan- Hwei||Tajen University||President|
|Wu, Jiann-Kuo||Tatung University||President|
|Wu, Trong-Neng||China Medical University||Vice President|
|Margaret Chen||Wenzao UrsulineCollege of Languages||Vice President|
|Chang , Horng-Jinh||Asia University||President|
|Cheng, Li-Jung||Fortune Institute of Technology||President|
|Liu, Thu-Hua||Ming Chi University of Technology||President|
|Wang, Da-Yung||Mingdao University||President|
|Haydn H.D. Chen||Tunghai University||President|
|Chen, Chin-Seng||Chang Jung ChristianUniversity||President|
|Tai, Chein||Southern Taiwan University||President|
|Yu, Hsin-Su||Kaohsiung Medical University||President|
|Yeh, Shyi-Dong||National Chung Hsing University||Vice President|
|Cheng Shu-Yuan||National Chung Hsing University||Office of International Affairs|
|Chou, Shieu-Ming||National TaichungNursing College||President|
|Hou, Chung-Weun||National Taipei University||President|
|Lee, Tsu-Tian||National Taipei University of Technology||President|
|Chung, Ue-Lin||National Taipei College of Nursing||President|
|Tsai, Den-Mo||National Taitung University||President|
|Lee, Si-Chen||National Taiwan University||President|
|Chen, Shi-Shuenn||National Taiwan University of Science and Technology||President|
|Chou, Hung-Shih||National Taiwan Sport University||President|
|Peter, Chung-Yu Wu||National Chiao Tung University||President|
|Hwang, Wen-Shu||National Dong Hwa University||President|
|Lee, Chin-Cheng||National Kinmen Institute of Technology||President|
|Guu, Yuan-Kuang||National PingtungUniversity of Science and Technology||President|
|Lee, Kuo-Tien||National Taiwan Ocean University||President|
|Huang, Ing-Chung||National University of Kaohsiung||President|
|Soo, Von-Wun||National University of Kaohsiung||Vice President|
|Jimmy Yung||National KaohsiungHospitality College||President|
|Chen, Wen-Tsuen||National Tsing Hua University||President|
|Syu, Wan-Jr||National YangMingUniversity||Dean, Academic Affairs|
|Wang, Dau-Chung||National Yunlin University of Science & Technology||Director of International Affairs|
|Lee, Ming-Jen||National Chiayi University||President|
|Wu, Jyh-Yang||National Chung Cheng University||President|
|Su, Yan-Kuin||Kun Shan University||President|
|Flora C. I. Chang||Tamkang University||President|
|Cheng, Yung-Fu||Jinwen University of Science & Technology||President|
|Huang, Chung-Chih||Tzu Hui Institute of Technology||President|
|Chang, Fwu-Mei||Tzu Chi University||Vice President|
|Fu, Shen-Li||I-Shou University||President|
|Sun-Lon Jen||I-Shou University||Dean of International Affairs|
|Wang, Chao-Hsiung||Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science||President|
|Michael J.K. Chen||Ling Tung University||President|
Monday, November 10th
Venue: M.E. Chung Ming Aud.
Keynote Speech: Dr. Ovid J.L. Tzeng, Minister without Portfolio
Venue: M.E. Chung Ming Aud.
SATU Forum Review
Venue: M.E. Chung Ming Aud.
Special Presentation: Michael Devlin, Co founder and Managing Partner, Pharos Capital Group
Venue: M.E. Chung Ming Aud.
Lunch - M.E. 1F
Steering Committee Meeting
Session A1-Part 1
Venue: M.E. Hsiang Hsien Auditorium
SessionA2 – Part 1
Venue: M.E. San Sing Auditorium
Tea Break-- M.E. Building, 1F Hall
Venue: M.E. Hsiang Hsien Auditorium
Venue: M.E. San Sing Auditorium
Venue: M.E. San Sing Auditorium
Tuesday, November 11th
En route to Southern Taiwan Science Park
Visit Southern Taiwan Science Park
En route to Chi Mei Corporation
Visit to Chi Mei Corporation and Chi Mei Museum
Lunch – Chi Mei Café
Back to NCKU
Venue: M.E. San Sing Auditorium
Venue: M.E. Chun Ming Hall
I. Steering Committee Election
Steering committee elections were held during the SATU Presidents’Forum. The steering committee was expanded to include more university presidents in hopes of benefiting from more diverse suggestions, recommendations, and ultimately aiming for a better processing mechanism within SATU.
SATU Steering Committee Member (2008-2010)
|India||Indian Institute of Technology Delhi|
|Indonesia||University of Indonesia|
|Malaysia||Universiti Sains Malaysia|
|The Philippines||University of the Philippines|
|Singapore||National University of Singapore|
|Taiwan||National Taiwan University|
* The list above were Universities receiving the highest amount of votes, by country. According to the Forum Constitution, the Forum Chair shall formally invite the second committee member in order for the decision to come into effect.
* In the case of Vietnam, the votes were evenly distributed with no universities receiving highest votes. Therefore, the situation will be reported to the steering committee for a conclusion to be reached. Since Brunei and Cambodia were unable to attend the Forum, the International Secretariat will formally inform universities according to the constitution.
II. Bylaw Amendment
To strengthen operations and increase efficiency, the Board proposed and passed bylaw amendments during the SATU Presidents’ Forum. Two groups, namely Academic Exchange and Industry-Academia Community Collaboration, were setup under the National Secretariat. By consolidating the organization and clarifying the corresponding roles, and to execute related events, aiming to create New Era of International Communication.
One of the most significant achievements during the conference was the industry academia events. Aside from member universities, there was avid participation from various institutions and organizations including government organizations, the Southern Taiwan Science Park, and also Chi Mei Optoelectronics; the guests as well as member representatives were greatly impressed with Taiwan’s stellar record in Industry-Academic Collaboration. With the initial introductions out of the way, this group of august individuals now are able to initiate and maintain further communication and cooperation with other member universities.
Aiming for sustainable development and self management, SATU Presidents’ Forum and its secretary would like to actively focus on presenting the Forums’distinct and unique features, demonstrating that we are one of a kind in Southeast and South Asia area; working towards becoming an unsubstitutable organization in Asia and in the world.
V Session Notes and Conclusion
1. AI: Preparing Students for Professional Practice
A university can recruit countless exceptional students, but what becomes of the outcome of these individuals depends on the knowledge, skills, and humanity they possess when they emerge from their university experiences. How we gauge their “steady-state” success can only be known long after they graduate. Even an extraordinary student who graduates with honors gives no assurance to their performance in the professional workplace, if they are ill-prepared.
As educators, we should be held accountable for preparing students for a career which not only will prepare then for a meaningful life and one which will increase the quality of life for humanity in general. Is it our curriculum, faculty performance, or the absence of hands-on professional experience that needs innovation and modernization? These and other factors contribute to our overall effectiveness as educators. A qualified faculty candidate should possess not only a thorough comprehension of his/her particular field; but also analytical and interpersonal skills that reflect the cross-cultural era. More than ever, the rising global trend in the workplace demands us to reevaluate our approach to education. If we do not amend our programs in the future, our education may become irrelevant. A well-formed education requires the incorporation of both traditional and contemporary thinking.
In the session titled “Preparing Students for Professional Practice” all of the panelists unanimously agreed that in addition to just pure knowledge, students nowadays must be equipped with other skills in order to be ready to face the world. A holistic education is what students deserve and ought to receive.
Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, President - Ateneo de Manila University shared about balancing Needs & Goals:
- Professional knowledge & skills (depth)
- Broader range of knowledge & skills (breadth/flexibility)
- Softer skills:
- Interpersonal relations
- Languages and multicultural relationships
- Ethic and social responsibility (national and world citizenship)
- Leadership skills.
He stated that developing an international/multicultural perspective is important for students. Studying abroad and accepting int’l students. Instill in students and prepare them to become professional for others.
Personal, spiritual, and social/cultural education is emphasized.
Dr. Shyi-Dong Yeh of National Chung Hsing University shared the strategic goals of academic affairs, namely: Elevation of Teaching Quality, Enhancement of Student Learning and Construction of E-Teaching and learning Environment.
Dr. Chung-Weun Hou, President of National Taipei University shared the following strategies for professional development among students. There are Core Values that the University adheres to, including Integrity (Consistent personal Integrity), Genuine (Sincere attitudes toward people), Justice (commitment to Justice), Life (Respect for it), Freedom (Personal Freedom and the ability to choose outward circumstances), Hope (maintaining hope for tomorrow).
Taiwan’s Survey of 1000 enterprises by Cheers Business Magazine indicated that the top 3 attributes of employability required by college graduates are: team work attitude and abilities, ability to learn and potential to develop for a future, and the ability to handle pressure. Dr. Flora Chang of Tamkang University shared the following 5 strategies proposed by Community College Survey of Student Engagement to reach excellence of learning:
- Set high expectations and clear goals
- Focus on the front door (first semester)
- Elevate developmental education and student support
- Use engaging instructional approaches (student-centersed)
- Make engagement inescapable (student-faculty interaction)
A holistic curriculum is ideal for preparing students to not only work professionally but also live soundly.
President Mai Truong Nhuan shared about UNESCO’s 4 Pillars of education. Learning to Know, to Do, to Be, and to Live Together. Socially, Critical, logical thinking is important, “Thinking globally – acting locally.”
2. A2: Industry-Academia Collaboration
The academic and industrial worlds have a long- standing relationship that is only getting stronger with time. Academia brings talent and research skills to the table, while industry provides the capital and experience that collaborations require. The impact of the global tide has resulted in an international trend to promote such alliances. Reaching out to the corporate world also serves to further enforce the cross-cultural era that we are living in today. Academia-industry cooperation can provide us with the means to advance our research capabilities, whilst giving our students the opportunity to gain practical work experience. Corporate collaboration is both advantageous and valuable to our future standing in the global community.
In the session on Industry Academia Collaboration, all panelists noted that research and development cannot hide in the academic “ivory tower”. There are many benefits for both groups if done properly. Each panelist shared about their individual institutions and programs they have to promote this collaboration.
Dr. Lydia Echauz shared that due to the dissatisfaction of industry with shortcomings of fresh graduates, industry and academe had to collaborate. The objective was to keep Far Eastern University on the radar screen of employers through internships. Tracer study shows that for number of graduates hired:
- 75% in 6 months
- 93% in 1 year
- 100% in 2 years
President Siribumrungsukha of Prince of Songkla University stated that, since 70% of its graduates enter private sector jobs, there really is no reason why universities should not maintain close relationships with the private sector.
President Su Yan-Kuin of Kun Shan University shared the six Models of University-Industry Cooperation:
- General research patronage
- Cooperative patronage
- Knowledge transfer
- Technological transfer
- Unofficial cooperation
Worth noting are some of the future challenges, as shared by Prof. Pan Tso-Chien of Nanyang Technological University –
- The need to constantly update and upgrade university programs to ensure that they remain relevant to the new economy and to the education of future leaders;
- to foster closer working relations with industry and governmental agencies, creating opportunities for students; and
- to encourage and empower students to leave their comfort zones and take part in these programs.
3. B:Autonomy of University
University autonomy is a goal of higher education. The significance of this goal is rooted in academic freedom. Achieving this lofty objective requires a profound balance of power between university and government in order to produce the most effective results. From allocation of funds, to general governance and initiatives, universities need to become more independent, in order to facilitate its own educational mission.
University autonomy is a goal of higher education. There needs to be a balance of power between university and government.
There are three key aspects when discussing university autonomy:
- Administrative: more freedom in governance and evaluations.
- National universities are incorporated as a legal entity.
- Government surveillance due to the provision of partial budgetary resources.
- University is evaluated via quality assurance or accreditation.
- Financial: Fund management, self structuring of salaries and fees.
- Tuition/fees scheme and salary structure should partially reflect market condition.
- Human resource plays a very important role in administrative management.
- Management of college personnel and university professors are quite different.
- The welfare policy of college personnel is designed to improve their service efficiency.
- Pension plan is important to both college personnel and university professors.
Professor Rangarajan began by sharing some background on Autonomy. The Magna Charta Universitatum, which states that academic freedom in research and in training should guarantee freedom of expression and of action, being able to distribute knowledge and truth without restriction. Over 600 universities have signed this.
This topic was pertinent even as early as 1950, at the UNESCO Conference in Nice where an important point was the tolerance of divergent opinion and freedom from political interference. The principle of Academic Freedom can be defined as the freedom for members of the academic community – scholars, teachers and students – to follow their scholarly activities within a framework determined by that community in respect of ethical rules and international standards, and without outside pressure.
The benefits of autonomy:
How to protect autonomy:
Professor Tan Thiam Soon shared about Singapore and its path in autonomy. They were given greater autonomy to:
- To better respond to the opportunities and challenges they face
- Hold their own against universities overseas
- Enable them to differentiate themselves and chart their own strategies towards achieving peaks of excellence.
On April 1, 2006, National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University moved from being a statutory board to become a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee under the Companies Act.
With greater financial autonomy over the use of public funds- can decide on trade-offs between investing in manpower/infrastructure or teaching/research as they deem fit.
To go beyond financial autonomy, seek to become financially more flexible and robust through actively seeking alternative sources of funding to support their missions and goals.
More freedom to admit students based on their own independent (objective) admission criteria.
There is a need to cultivate a strong support network around itself by strengthening communications and building up a deep sense of community among all the stakeholders.
For autonomy to succeed, will need to nurture a culture of ownership by the stakeholders in our universities:
- Requires a mindset change which will take time
- Difficult to achieve if there is no overt change in the status of the universities
- Corporatisation sends a strong signal that the university belongs to its stakeholders, not the Government- encourage university stakeholders to take greater ownership and play a more active role in charting the university’s directions
- No longer be constrained by the operational regulations imposed on statutory boards.
- Much more administrative and financial autonomy to explore different ways to build up teaching and research excellence, raise their international standing and enhance their students’ experiences.
Need to ensure that the necessary internal systems and processes are in place and most importantly, people of the right quality and commitment are prepared to take up the challenge to steer the universities in the years ahead.
While enjoying greater autonomy, because funding still comes from the Government, there needs to be a framework to provide assurance that funds are well-utilized and primarily used towards the achievement of national objectives.
Singapore’s Model (Three Components):
Prof. Sansanee Chaiyaroj shared that currently there are 13 autonomous institutions in Thailand. Autonomous universities in Thailand are still influenced by the following:
- Budget Bureau Office
- Commission on Higher Education, MOE
- Ministry of Public Health
- National Research Council of Thailand
1/3 of Mahidol University’s budget comes from the government. They became autonomous in October of 2007.
“In the sense of Mahidol University”, Autonomy:
Being more proactive and entrepreneurial but with full accountability, transparency and quality assurance.
Industry-Academia Collaboration: 3Cs -à
Change attitude Communication Collaborative model
Degree of Acceptance of Autonomy
- Broad – but non unanimous – acceptance within universities
- Relatively good support of the principle at governmental level, but widespread restrictions in its implementation.
Autonomy of University leads to…
- Improvement in governance, leadership, and management (capacity of change in rapid changing environment)
- Accountability towards Sponsors (Government, private sectors, foundations)
Food for Thought
With insufficient funding, university now face a very difficult situation –
- Market demand may not go in line with academic excellence or the mission of the university
- Increasing revenue is necessary for the sustainability of the university
- How to balance between quality and serving market demand
- How far should one travel the path of entrepreneurial university?
President Ermelinda Roman of University of Phillipines shared about her institution, which enjoys autonomy and has been referred to as the republic other than the Republic of Phillipines.
UP has its’ own charter. Also enjoys fiscal autonomy which means it has the authority to generate its own resources and determine how these will be used/spent. Income can be kept at the the end of the year, not reverted back to National Treasury.
VI To highlight the Forum’s theme - Global Humanity Challenges and Urgent Responsibilities of 21st Century Universities, member representatives signed the SATU Manifesto, targeting to improve sustainable international collaborations, cultivating and producing competitive leaders for the new generation, maintaining Asia’s unique cultural vitality, and presenting the outstanding achievements of SATU members throughout Asia to the rest of the world.